- 1 What does collective behavior mean in sociology?
- 2 Which sociological theory best explains collective behavior?
- 3 What are the major theories of collective behavior?
- 4 What is an example of collective behavior?
- 5 What causes collective behavior?
- 6 What are the 4 types of crowds?
- 7 How does collective behavior affect society?
- 8 Which theory attempts to explain PETA’s success?
- 9 Why is it important to understand collective behavior?
- 10 What are the characteristics of collective behavior?
- 11 What are the preconditions needed for collective behavior?
- 12 What is collective identity theory?
- 13 How many is a crowd?
- 14 What is a collective in psychology?
- 15 What is collective personality?
What does collective behavior mean in sociology?
Collective behaviour, the kinds of activities engaged in by sizable but loosely organized groups of people. Episodes of collective behaviour tend to be quite spontaneous, resulting from an experience shared by the members of the group that engenders a sense of common interest and identity.
Which sociological theory best explains collective behavior?
The first, the emergent-norm perspective, emphasizes the importance of social norms in crowd behavior. The next, the value-added theory, is a functionalist perspective that states that several preconditions must be in place for collective behavior to occur.
What are the major theories of collective behavior?
Convergence theory argues that crowd behavior is a reflection of the beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that individuals bring to a crowd. While contagion theory and emergent norm theory focus on how crowds affect individuals, convergence theory sees individuals as the key force that affects crowds.
What is an example of collective behavior?
Examples of collective behavior may include a crowd doing the wave at a football game, a group of people forming around a street preacher, or even widespread interest in a new fad or product, like silly bands.
What causes collective behavior?
Collective behavior results when several conditions exist, including structural strain, generalized beliefs, precipitating factors, and lack of social control.
What are the 4 types of crowds?
Sociologist Herbert Blumer (1969) developed a popular typology of crowds based on their purpose and dynamics. The four types he distinguished are casual crowds, conventional crowds, expressive crowds, and acting crowds.
How does collective behavior affect society?
Collective behavior refers to social processes and events that do not reflect existing social structure (laws, conventions, and institutions), as they emerge in a “spontaneous” way. Collective behavior generates weak and unconventional norms, while groups tend to have stronger and more conventional norms.
Which theory attempts to explain PETA’s success?
McCarthy and Zald (1977) conceptualize resource mobilization theory as a way to explain a movement’s success in terms of its ability to acquire resources and mobilize individuals to achieve goals and take advantage of political opportunities.
Why is it important to understand collective behavior?
Collective Behavior’s great interest lies in its high cultural value, as it can explain important social phenomena, and because of its high concrete and practical value; studies on the dynamics of Collective Behavior can help prevent unrest, and violence; it can also help to plan and suggest strategies as to prevent
What are the characteristics of collective behavior?
- Spontaneous and episodic: Collective behaviour is spontaneous and takes place occasionally rather than regularly and routinely.
- Unstable: It tends to be short-lived as long as the centre of attraction exists.
What are the preconditions needed for collective behavior?
He noted six conditions that must be present: (1) the social structure must be peculiarly conducive to the collective behaviour in question; (2) a group of people must experience strain; (3) a distinctive type of belief must be present to interpret the situation; (4) there must be a precipitating event; (5) the group
What is collective identity theory?
Collective identity refers to a person’s sense of belonging to a group. The identity of the group, or the ‘ collective,’ becomes a part of the person’s individual identity. The idea here is that by participating in social activities, a person can develop a sense of belonging and an identity that goes beyond the person.
How many is a crowd?
The OED says the noun comes from the verb, which has a sense of press, push, or hurry. So to be a crowd there has to be enough people they feel pushed together, either literally or figuratively. Ten people in a small room is a crowd.
What is a collective in psychology?
1. the mental and emotional states and processes characteristic of individuals when aggregated in such groups as audiences, crowds, mobs, and social movements. The term is mainly associated with early theorists in this area, such as Gustave Le Bon. 2.
What is collective personality?
The concept is the same: whereas an individual personality relates to an individual’s consistent behaviors across time and contexts, a collective personality relates to a group’s consistent behaviors across time and contexts.