- 1 Is a Silique a capsule?
- 2 Is a Silique a fruit?
- 3 How does dehiscence affect the harvesting time of fruit for seed production?
- 4 Is a fruit a carpel?
- 5 What type of fruit is a banana?
- 6 What does Silique mean?
- 7 What is a Schizocarpic fruit?
- 8 Which plants produce Siliques or Silicles for fruits?
- 9 What type of fruit is mustard?
- 10 Is an apple superior or inferior?
- 11 Is an Apple Epigynous?
- 12 What are dry Indehiscent fruits?
Is a Silique a capsule?
A silique or siliqua (plural siliques or siliquae) is a type of fruit (seed capsule ) having two fused carpels with the length being more than three times the width. Siliques are present in many members of the mustard family, Brassicaceae, but some species have silicles instead.
Is a Silique a fruit?
Silique, any dry fruit that separates at maturity into two or four segments called valves, leaving a persistent partition that bears the seeds. A silicle, or silicula, is a short and broad silique, as in shepherd’s purse (Capsella).
How does dehiscence affect the harvesting time of fruit for seed production?
In agricultural production, the time and degree of silique dehiscence affect the harvest time and processing of crops. Premature silique dehiscence leads to seeds being shed before harvest, resulting in substantial reductions to yields.
Is a fruit a carpel?
Carpels are difficult to distinguish in dry, indehiscent fruits (e.g. nuts) and fleshy fruits (e.g. berries). Carpels are the innermost parts of a complete flower and they are united to form the gynoecium (pistil).
What type of fruit is a banana?
A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called “plantains”, distinguishing them from dessert bananas.
What does Silique mean?
: a narrow elongated 2-valved usually many-seeded capsule that is characteristic of the mustard family, opens by sutures at either margin, and has two parietal placentas.
What is a Schizocarpic fruit?
By definition, schizocarpic fruits are the dry fruits which upon maturing with divide into single-seeded indehiscent parts known as mericarps. They are also called splitting fruits. They originate from a single ovary of a single flower as they are simple fruits.
Which plants produce Siliques or Silicles for fruits?
Siliques and silicles are dry dehiscent fruits produced by the mustard family (Brassicaceae). The syncarpous gynoecium has 2 carpels, and the fruits have 2 locules.
What type of fruit is mustard?
The typical fruit of the mustard family (Brassicaceae) is called a silique. Flowers of the mustard family typically have four petals, four sepals and six stamens. The former family name Cruciferae is derived from “crucifer” or cross, in reference to the cross formed by the four petals.
Is an apple superior or inferior?
Inferior: Refers to an ovary that is below the attachment of the petals, sepals and stamens. The hypanthium may be fused to the ovary wall or attached to the top of the ovary. The ovary of an apple is inferior because it is fused with a thick, fleshy hypanthium.
Is an Apple Epigynous?
“ Apple type” fruit, which develop from epigynous flowers, have remnants of the flower sepals, petals, stigma and stamen attached at the base of the fruit, on the opposite side from the receptacle.
What are dry Indehiscent fruits?
Dry indehiscent fruit is the second type of dry fruits, which does not open at maturity. Therefore, this fruit has to wait until animal consumption or deterioration to discharge seeds. Generally, there are several types of dry indehiscent fruits, including achene, cypsela, nut, nutlet, samara, caryopsis, etc.