- 1 Why are Confederates used in psychology?
- 2 What is a straightforward manipulation?
- 3 What does confederate in psychology mean?
- 4 What is a confederate of the experimenter and why are Confederates used?
- 5 What does deception mean in psychology?
- 6 What makes good internal validity?
- 7 What is a reason for using staged manipulation?
- 8 What is a manipulation check in psychology?
- 9 How are codependents manipulative?
- 10 What is a Confederate person?
- 11 What is polarization in psychology?
- 12 Who is acting as a Confederate?
- 13 What was a major ethical violation of Milgram’s study?
- 14 Who did the line experiment?
- 15 Why is random so important for determining cause and effect?
Why are Confederates used in psychology?
Confederates provide an important function in research by providing a real-life depiction of a social situation, serve as an important aid in the research process, and permit the researcher to focus on the behaviors of a particular population without tainting the data.
What is a straightforward manipulation?
Straightforward manipulation. A kind of independent variable manipulation by presenting written, verbal, or visual material to the participants. Staged manipulation. When events are staged in an experiment in order to manipulate the independent variable successfully.
What does confederate in psychology mean?
Confederates, or research actors, are commonly employed in psychology experiments to secretly participate along with actual subjects. By using confederates, researchers study participants in complex social settings and reliably capture naïve reactions.
What is a confederate of the experimenter and why are Confederates used?
In a research experiment confederates are individuals who seem to be participants but in reality are part of the research team. They essentially trick real participants into thinking they are fellow participants. Asch used confederates in an integral way for his research on majority influence.
What does deception mean in psychology?
In psychological research studies deception refers to misleading or tricking participants about the purpose or direction of the study. This is an important component of research in that if participants know what the experiment is about then the results can possibly be influenced such as when participant bias occurs.
What makes good internal validity?
Internal validity is the extent to which a study establishes a trustworthy cause-and-effect relationship between a treatment and an outcome. The less chance there is for “confounding” in a study, the higher the internal validity and the more confident we can be in the findings.
What is a reason for using staged manipulation?
– Staged manipulations are most frequently used for two reasons: 1. The researcher may be trying to create some psychological state in the participants such as anger, frustration, or a temporary lowering of self-esteem. 2. A staged manipulation may be necessary to simulate some situation that occurs in the real world.
What is a manipulation check in psychology?
A manipulation check is a test used to determine the effectiveness of a manipulation in an experimental design. A typical manipulation check consists of one or more questions geared toward understanding each participant’s cognizance regarding the condition to which they were exposed.
How are codependents manipulative?
Being Manipulated – Being fueled by guilt and shame the codependent is controlled by the “have to” mentality. They often think that if they aren’t able to help someone enough they could potentially lose love and acceptance from that person.
What is a Confederate person?
noun. a person, group, nation, etc., united with others in a confederacy; an ally. an accomplice, especially in a mischievous or criminal act.
What is polarization in psychology?
In social psychology, group polarization refers to the tendency for a group to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclination of its members.
Who is acting as a Confederate?
A confederate is an actor who participates in an experiment as a subject along with the participant(s), but is not the one being observed or measure for they are working for the researcher. You just studied 24 terms!
What was a major ethical violation of Milgram’s study?
The ethical issues involved with the Milgram experiment are as follows: deception, protection of participants involved, and the right to withdrawal. The experiment was deemed unethical, because the participants were led to believe that they were administering shocks to real people.
Who did the line experiment?
Solomon Asch conducted an experiment to investigate the extent to which social pressure from a majority group could affect a person to conform. He believed that the main problem with Sherif’s (1935) conformity experiment was that there was no correct answer to the ambiguous autokinetic experiment.
Why is random so important for determining cause and effect?
Random assignment helps ensure that members of each group in the experiment are the same, which means that the groups are also likely more representative of what is present in the larger population.