Readers ask: Stanley Schacter Used What Emotion As A Manipulation To Test Need For Affiliation?


What did Stanley Schachter experiment prove about the need for companionship?

The experiment showed that people suffering from a high level of anxiety are more likely to seek out company than are those who feel less anxious. half of the woman were then given the choice between waiting alone and waiting with other woman about to take part in the same experiment.

What is Stanley Schachter theory?

Stanley Schachter (April 15, 1922 – June 7, 1997) was an American social psychologist, who is perhaps best known for his development of the two factor theory of emotion in 1962 along with Jerome E. Singer. In his theory he states that emotions have two ingredients: physiological arousal and a cognitive label.

What is the independent variable in the Schachter affiliation experiment?

In Schachter’s experiment, the independent variable was the subjects’ anxiety level. He manipulated anxi- ety level in a clever way. Participants assembled in his laboratory were told by a “Dr. Zilstein” that they would be participating in a study on the physiologi- cal effects of electric shock.

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What was the finding of Schachter’s research on situational anxiety?

In this study the researchers hypothesized that induced anxiety would produce an increase of affiliative tendencies. In the study they had two conditions — high anxiety and lower anxiety. In the high anxiety they played up the ominous and expected pain of the electric shock experiment.

What does the two-factor theory of emotion state?

The two – factor theory of emotion states that emotion is based on two factors: physiological arousal and cognitive label. The theory was created by researchers Stanley Schachter and Jerome E. Singer. This can sometimes cause misinterpretations of emotions based on the body’s physiological state.

What was the major conclusion from the Schachter-Singer experiment?

Schachter and Singer concluded that people make meaning out of ambiguous changes in arousal, thereby constructing emotions.

What is an example of the two-factor theory?

The sequence that follows, according to the two – factor theory, would be much like this: I see a strange man walking toward me. My heart is racing and I am trembling. My rapid heart rate and trembling are caused by fear.

Why is the Schachter-Singer theory important?

The Schachter – Singer theory would predict that participants would feel happier (or angrier) if they did not know to expect the effects of the drug. Since they had no other explanation for the symptoms they felt, they would assume that it was the social environment making them feel this way.

What are the two factors of Herzberg’s theory?

The two factors identified by Herzberg are motivators and hygiene factors.

  • Motivating Factors. The presence of motivators causes employees to work harder. They are found within the actual job itself.
  • Hygiene Factors. The absence of hygiene factors will cause employees to work less hard.
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What did Schachter and Singer’s experiment demonstrate?

In their study of cognitive and physiological determinants of emotional states, Schachter and Singer (1962) have demonstrated that cognitive processes play a major role in the development of emotional states” (p. 121).

How was each factor manipulated in the study?

-In the study, each factor is manipulated. Physiological reactions are manipulated by shots of adrenaline or, as the subjects believe, shots of Suproxin (whether or not the shot was really adrenaline or a placebo does not matter in this case).

Why does anxiety increase the need for affiliation?

Research done by Schachter (1959) shows that fear that comes from anxiety increases the need for the person to affiliate with others who are going through the same situation or that could help them through the stressful event.

How can deception be harmful?

In addition to concerns about harms to participants, questions of methodological and reputational harms have also been raised. Deception may result in more suspicious or contaminated pools of research participants.

Which of the following is an example of the Overjustification effect?

Which of the following is an example of the overjustification effect? Children enjoy playing with toys until they are told they will get paid with toys. They may still play with toys to get paid, but they view it differently because they are getting paid.

What is the Zajonc LeDoux theory?

Zajonc – LeDoux theory. theory that some emotional responses occur instantly; sometimes we feel before we think. arousal. one of the two dimensions of emotion; can be high or low; scale of tension; low = relaxed/sad; high = joy/fear/anger.

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