- 1 Which biosafety level should be used for using Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
- 2 How do you handle Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
- 3 What PPE would you use if it is a culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
- 4 What medium is used to culture Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
- 5 Which of these methods are used to identify prior exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
- 6 What biosafety level is Ebola?
- 7 Who Ziehl neelsen?
- 8 How do you disinfect sputum?
- 9 What BSL is E coli?
- 10 How long do TB patients need to be isolated?
- 11 What is the PPE for Ebola?
- 12 What factors can reduce the spread of tuberculosis?
- 13 Where does Mycobacterium tuberculosis grow?
- 14 How long does it take to culture Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
- 15 How do you test for mycobacterium tuberculosis?
Which biosafety level should be used for using Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
3. Classification of biohazard level for different types of MTB
|Types of MTB||Characteristics||Recommended biosafety protection classification|
|DS TB; single DR- TB; MDR- TB; virulent laboratory TB strains||Highly pathogenic and refractory; high individual risk and low community risk||ABSL-3 BSL -3|
How do you handle Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
Appropriate disinfectants effective against M. tuberculosis must be used; waste materials must remain in contact with the disinfectant (that is, they must not be protected by air bubbles) for the appropriate time, depending on the disinfectant used. Discard containers should be decontaminated and washed before reuse.
What PPE would you use if it is a culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
Minimum PPE Requirements At minimum, personnel are required to don gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with M. tuberculosis. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.
What medium is used to culture Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a slow-growing bacterium that is the etiological agent of tuberculosis. Agar-based and egg-based media incorporating green malachite and Middlebrook broths or solid media are recommended as the “gold standard” for isolation, culture, and definite diagnosis of M.
Which of these methods are used to identify prior exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
Traditionally, the tuberculin skin test (TST) has served as the standard of care for the identification of prior exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
What biosafety level is Ebola?
Work with the world’s most deadly agents, including viruses that cause smallpox and viral hemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola, is done at biosafety level 4 ( BSL -4).
Who Ziehl neelsen?
Ziehl – Neelsen staining is a bacteriological stain used to identify acid-fast organisms, mainly Mycobacteria. It is named for two German doctors who modified the stain: the bacteriologist Franz Ziehl (1859–1926) and the pathologist Friedrich Neelsen (1854–1898).
How do you disinfect sputum?
Various quantities of carbolic acid and lysol have been added to pure antiformin and it has been found that smaller percentages of these disinfectants will destroy the tubercle bacillus in sputum when used in combination with antiformin than when simply dissolved in water.
What BSL is E coli?
Follow requirements and practices for your assigned BSL:
|Biosafety levels ( BSL )||BSL –1|
|1. Degree of hazard||Low risk: Well characterized agents not known to cause disease in healthy adult humans|
|2. Examples||Escherichia coli (laboratory strain)|
|B. Standard microbiological practices|
|Biosafety levels ( BSL )||BSL –1|
How long do TB patients need to be isolated?
Note: Home isolation is recommended for the initial three to five days of appropriate four-drug TB treatment.
What is the PPE for Ebola?
When caring for patients who’ve had possible contact with infectious diseases like Ebola, the CDC advises healthcare professionals to wear PPE including single-use impermeable gowns or coveralls, double nitrile gloves, masks, face shields, surgical hoods, and impermeable boot coverings that extend at least to the mid-
What factors can reduce the spread of tuberculosis?
Stop the Spread of TB
- Take all of your medicines as they’re prescribed, until your doctor takes you off them.
- Keep all your doctor appointments.
- Always cover your mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
- Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing.
- Don’t visit other people and don’t invite them to visit you.
Where does Mycobacterium tuberculosis grow?
M. tuberculosis grows within the phagocytic vacuoles of macrophages (2), where it is exposed to a relatively hostile environment. The interior of the phagosome may be limited in nutrients (11, 12) as well as acidic in pH.
How long does it take to culture Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture, a critical technique for routine diagnosis of tuberculosis, takes more than two weeks.
How do you test for mycobacterium tuberculosis?
The Mantoux tuberculin skin test (TST) or the TB blood test can be used to test for M. tuberculosis infection. Additional tests are required to confirm TB disease. The Mantoux tuberculin skin test is performed by injecting a small amount of fluid called tuberculin into the skin in the lower part of the arm.